Lillingstone Dayrell

 

 

Site type: DMV

The site of the deserted medieval village of Lillingston Dayrell is situated to the north and south of the church that has been dated to the thirteenth century and earlier. [1] Field walking to the south of the church during the Whittlewood Project uncovered pottery with evidence of pre-1000 activity. [2] There are earthworks of house platforms to the north and east. Another village street is also suggested to the south of this. [2]

The settlement is recorded at Domesday with a minimum population of 11. In 1334 an average payment was made for the Lay Subsidy. In 1535 only three people paid the Lay Subsidy and in 1563 there are four households recorded. There is clear evidence for early enclosure and depopulation. Glebe terriers in the early seventeenth century record memory of the depopulation and in 1517 the local inquiry into enclosure laid the blame at the feet of Thomas Dayrell in 1491. [3] The inquiry recorded 40 people had been displaced and that this was the total population. [4]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Pevsner, N. and E. Williamson. 1994. The Buildings of England : Buckinghamshire. Penguin Books: London.
[2] Jones, R. and M. Page 2006. Medieval Villages in the English Landscape: Beginnings and Ends. Macclesfield: Windgather: 61, 159-160, 216-7.
[3] Beresford, M. 1953-4. ‘Glebe Terriers and Open-field Buckinghamshire, with a Summary List of Deserted Villages of the County: Part 2’, Records of Buckinghamshire 27: 4-28: 7.
[4] Leadam, I.S. 1897. The Domesday of Inclosures 1517-1518. London: Longmans, Green and Co: 574-55.
Pre-1974 county:
Buckinghamshire
Historic parish:
Lillingstone Dayrell
Present county or unitary area:
Buckinghamshire
Modern parish:
Lillingstone Dayrell with Luffield Abbey
Grid reference:
SP 706 398
Latitude:
52.05211153
Longitude:
-0.97181873

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
BUCK 14,27
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
11
Taxation 1291 (main):
1200
Taxation 1291 (portions):
80 (Longueville Priory)
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
600
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
3
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
488
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
8
Diocesan returns 1563:
4
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
187 (Parish)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
35
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1490-1550
NMR number:
342927
HER number:
BUCK 0771
Investigation history:
1974 Field Visit.
1992-1996 Air Photograph Interpretation RCHME.
2000 Field Walking (Whittlewood Project).
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1929 3200-1 Taken 16 January 1947.
CUCAP BLE23 Taken 7 December 1972.
CUCAP BLV17, 23-25 Taken 14 February 1979.
Jones, R. and M. Page 2006. Medieval Villages in the English Landscape: Beginnings and Ends. Macclesfield: Windgather: 61, 159-160, 216-7.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
470600
y coordinate:
239800
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. 1953-4. ‘Glebe Terriers and Open-field Buckinghamshire, with a Summary List of Deserted Villages of the County: Part 2’, Records of Buckinghamshire 16: 4-28.

Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth Press: 341.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Jones, R. and M. Page 2006. Medieval Villages in the English Landscape: Beginnings and Ends. Macclesfield: Windgather.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=342927
Open Domesday
www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/SP7039/lillingstone-dayrell/