Treworld

 

 

Site type: DMH

The site of Treworld lies on a steep slope to the south-east of the present hamlet of Treworld. The grid reference for this site has been amended from the original 1968 location (SX 121 905) to correspond to the area of the excavations (SX 123 903). There are no visible remains present and the site has been ploughed. [1] Excavations in 1963 revealed two phases of occupation at the site. [2] Initial phases show a succession of turf houses dated between the ninth and twelfth century. These were gradually replaced by two structures, which in the thirteenth century were replaced by stone longhouses. In turn one of these changed use to a barn. [2] These buildings were associated with an enclosed yard. Both houses show clear evidence for subdivision. It is thought these were short lived and the site was abandoned by the fourteenth century. [2]

This has been classed as a Deserted Hamlet as there is evidence from the earlier phases of more than one household, although by the thirteenth century it is clearly just a farmstead. There are no documentary references to the settlement so it is difficult to estimate the nature of the population, and it is possible that the name Treworld is a misnomer, as there could have been a medieval hamlet at the present-day settlement to the north-west.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] NMR Pastscape Record No. 434755.
[2] Dudley, D. and E.M. Minter 1966. ‘The Excavation of a Medieval Settlement at Trewold. Lesnewth, 1963’, Cornish Archaeology 5: 34-58.
Pre-1974 county:
Cornwall
Historic parish:
Lesnewth
Present county or unitary area:
Cornwall
Modern parish:
Lesnewth
Grid reference:
SX 123903
Latitude:
50.682001
Longitude:
-4.658336

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Not recorded
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Not recorded
Diocesan returns 1563:
No surviving record
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1300-1400
NMR number:
434755
HER number:
CORN 60589
Investigation history:
1963 Excavation.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 3G/TUD/UK/146 5351-52 Taken 13 April 1946.
Dudley, D. and E.M. Minter 1966. ‘The Excavation of a Medieval Settlement at Trewold. Lesnewth, 1963’, Cornish Archaeology 5: 34-58. Various plans of houses and photographs from the excavation.
Site status:
Not Scheduled
x coordinate:
212300
y coordinate:
90300
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Dudley, D. and E.M. Minter 1966. ‘The Excavation of a Medieval Settlement at Trewold. Lesnewth, 1963’, Cornish Archaeology 5: 34-58.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=434755