Trewortha

 

 

Site type: DMH

The site of Trewortha has extensive earthworks and building outlines that still can be seen. The grid reference used by this website (SX 226 760) is not the original (SX 239 750) as this was located in error to the south-east. This is the site of one of the earliest excavations of a deserted medieval settlement as it was investigated between 1891-2 by Rev. S. Baring Gould. [1, 2] The site itself had nine or ten oblong buildings and several prehistoric hut circles. The settlement is located on an east facing slope and with associated fields and fits into a larger area of prehistoric field systems and hut circles. [3] The buildings are located along a north-west to south-east street, and it appears to include at least four longhouses and associated outbuildings. All the longhouses run east-west. From the initial excavation, the only suggested date for the site was post-Roman conquest. [2] The few sherds of pottery that could be located in the 1950s were clearly medieval in date and similar to the types excavated at Great Beere in Devon. [4]

The date suggested for the occupation of this site is the twelfth century. There has been a lot of damage on the site to the remains from rainfall, cattle and peat cutting, however it is still highly visible from the air. [5] With no further documentary or archaeological evidence it is difficult to plot the development of the site. We have classed the settlement as a Deserted Hamlet due to the likelihood that not more than four households occupied the site at any one time.

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘An Ancient Settlement of Trewortha Marsh’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 57-70.
[2] Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘Ancient Settlement of Trewortha’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 289-90.
[3] NMR Pastscape Record No. 435304.
[4] Jope, E.M. and R.I. Threlfall 1958. ‘Excavation of a Medieval Settlement at Beere, North Tawton, Devon’, Medieval Archaeology 2: 112-140.
[5] Dudley, D. 1963. ‘Smallacombe and Trewortha Downs’, Cornish Archaeology 2: 56.
Pre-1974 county:
Cornwall
Historic parish:
St Cleer
Present county or unitary area:
Cornwall
Modern parish:
St. Cleer
Grid reference:
SX 226760
Latitude:
50.556757
Longitude:
-4.505850

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
Not recorded
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (main):
Not recorded
Taxation 1291 (portions):
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Not recorded
Diocesan returns 1563:
No surviving record
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
NMR number:
435304
HER number:
CORN 1008
Investigation history:
1891- 1892 Excavation.
1961 Survey.
1983 Measured Survey.
1987 Measured Survey.
1996-2004 Cornwall NMP.
1998 Measured Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF 36/TUD/UK/137 Part iii 5254 Taken 1946.
CUCAP MF27-28 Taken 4 July 1953.
CUCAP AFE33-34 Taken 7 June 1962.
CUCAP AQW821 Taken 8 April 1967.
NMR 2276 Taken 8 April 1976.
NMR F33/90/SX 227761 Taken 24 May 1991.
Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘An Ancient Settlement of Trewortha Marsh’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 57-70. Plan and various house plans.
Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘Ancient Settlement of Trewortha’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 289-90. House plan and finds drawings.
Johnson, N. and P. Rose 1994. Bodmin Moor: An Archaeological Survey Volume 1: The Human Landscape to c. 1800. London: English Heritage. Photo p. 91, plan p. 92.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Scheduled 1018629
x coordinate:
222600
y coordinate:
76000
Bibliography:
Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘An Ancient Settlement of Trewortha Marsh’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 57-70.

Baring-Gould, S. 1895. ‘Ancient Settlement of Trewortha’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall 11: 289-90.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Driver, L. 2006. The Lost Villages of England. London: New Holland: 38-40.

Dudley, D. 1963. ‘Smallacombe and Trewortha Downs’, Cornish Archaeology 2: 56.

Johnson, N. and P. Rose 1994. Bodmin Moor: An Archaeological Survey Volume 1: The Human Landscape to c. 1800. London: English Heritage.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=435304