Wharram Percy

 

 

Site type: DMV

This is probably the most well known deserted settlement, due mainly to the research and excavations carried out for over 40 years. There are clear earthworks visible at the site. A roughly north-south hollow way is bounded on either side by house plots, around 30 in total. Two manor house sites have been uncovered; one that was abandoned in the thirteenth century, and indications are that the northern one was abandoned some time in the fourteenth century. At the south of the village is the church which was in use until 1949. To the south of this is the mill pond. Close to the church are the only surviving buildings – a row of three cottages, which were finally vacated in the 1970s. The excavations at the site have revealed an extensive occupation from at least Roman times. Further information on the village can be found on the Beresford pages of this website. The excavations have been published in a series of 13 volumes – see the Bibliography below.

Wharram Percy was mentioned in the Domesday Book, paid an average amount in 1334 and 30 people were taxed in 1377. A record of tenant holdings from 1368 also records 30 farmhouses and cottages in the village. [1] By 1435 only 16 are recorded showing the decline of the settlement had begun. [1] It does not appear in the sixteenth-century tax records. Further reduction in population is noted in the 1517 enquires into enclosure. These record that after 1488 four cottages had been removed. [1] It has been well established that the fate of Wharram was the conversion to pasture. Over time more and more land was removed from arable production. A legal case that was heard in 1555 helps date the final stage of conversion to 1527. [1]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Wrathmell, S. 2010. ‘The Desertion of Wharram Percy Village and its Wider Context’, in C. Dyer and R. Jones (eds) Deserted Villages Revisited: 109-120. Hatfield: University of Herefordshire Press.
Pre-1974 county:
Yorkshire East Riding
Historic parish:
Wharram Percy
Present county or unitary area:
North Yorkshire
Modern parish:
Wharram
Grid reference:
SE 858 642
Latitude:
54.066623
Longitude:
-0.690479

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
YORK 1E54. 29E21. SE,Ac10
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
0
Taxation 1291 (main):
6400
Taxation 1291 (portions):
1600 (Vicarage) - patron Nostell Priory
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
216
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
30
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
120
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
Not recorded
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Not recorded
Diocesan returns 1563:
No surviving record
Census 1801 total population:
38 (Township)
Census 1841 total population:
35 (Township)
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
3 (Township)
E179 date and type last doc:
1692 Feb 24 quarterly poll tax for one year
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1400-1550
NMR number:
62053
HER number:
YONR 12309
Investigation history:
1950-1990 Excavations.
1970 Geophysical Survey.
1971 Geophysical Survey.
1975 Geophysical Survey.
1976 Geophysical Survey.
1982 Geophysical Survey.
1984 Geophysical Survey.
1987 Geophysical Survey.
1989 Geophysical Survey.
2002 Measured Survey.
2002 Geophysical Survey.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1839 4159 Taken 13 November 1946.
See bibliography for a full list of publications with many plans and photographs
Site status:
Scheduled 1011377
x coordinate:
485800
y coordinate:
464200
Bibliography:
Andrews, D.D. and G. Milne 1979. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, I. Domestic Settlement 1: Areas 10 and 6. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 8.

Bell, R.D., M.W. Beresford and others 1987. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, III. Wharram Percy: The Church of St Martin. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 11.

Beresford, M.W. 1954. The Lost Villages of England. London: Lutterworth: 393.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst. 1990. Wharram Percy: Deserted Medieval Village. London: Batsford.

Harding, C., E. Marlow-Mann and S. Wrathmell 2010. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, XII. The Post-Medieval Farm and Vicarage. York: York Archaeology Publications 14.

Hayfield, C. 1987. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, V. An Archaeological Survey of the Parish of Wharram Percy, East Yorkshire 1: the Evolution of the Roman Landscape. Oxford: British Archaeological Research Report 172.

Mays, S., C. Harding and C. Heighway 2007. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, XI. The Churchyard. York University Archaeology Publications 13.

Milne, G. and J.D. Richards 1992. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, VII. Two Anglo-Saxon Buildings and Associated Finds. York: York University Publications 9.

Oswald, A. 2013. Wharram Percy Deserted Medieval Village. London: English Heritage.

Rahtz, P.A and L. Watts 1983. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, II. Wharram Percy. The Memorial Stones of the Churchyard. York: York University Publications 1.

Rahtz, P.A. and L. Watts 2004. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, IX. The North Manor Area and North-West Enclosure. York: York University Publications 11.

Rahtz, P.A., C. Hayfield and J. Bateman 1986. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, IV. Two Roman Villas at Wharram le Street. York: York University Publications 2.

Stamper, P.A. and R.A. Croft 2000. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, VIII. The South Manor Area. York: York University Publications 10.

Treen, C. and M. Atkin 2005. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, X. Water Resources and their Management. York: York University Publications 12.

Wrathmell, S. 1989. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, VI. Domestic Settlement 2: Medieval Peasant Farmsteads. York: York University Publications 8.

Wrathmell, S. 2010. ‘The Desertion of Wharram Percy Village and its Wider Context’, in C. Dyer and R. Jones (eds) Deserted Villages Revisited: 109-120. Hatfield: University of Herefordshire Press.

Wrathmell, S. 2012. Wharram. A Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, XIII. A History of Wharram Percy and Its Neighbours. York: York University Publications 15.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=62053
Open Domesday
www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/SE8564/wharram-percy/
CUCAP Aerial Photographs
www.cambridgeairphotos.com/location/bep40/