Holworth

 

 

Site type: DMV

Clear earthworks are visible at the site. The central feature is an east-west hollow way with seven tofts and crofts to the north, and a number of enclosures to the south. A trial excavation in 1936 uncovered pottery and stone work and one of the tofts was excavated in 1958. [1] This uncovered pottery dating from the twelfth to the fifteenth century and a longhouse was revealed that was divided into three parts with rubble floors. [1]

Holworth was first mentioned in 933 AD during the reign of King Athelstan. [1, 2] At Domesday Holworth is recorded as part of the Milton Abbey estate with a minimum population of 13. In the 1333 Lay Subsidy 14 individuals were taxed. [2] It does not appear in the later sixteenth-century tax records but four houses are recorded in the 1664 Hearth Tax. [3] The pottery evidence and documentary evidence would suggest that the settlement was depopulated in the late fourteenth to fifteenth century. The excavation report suggests climatic deterioration as the cause for desertion. [1]

Appears in the Gazetteer of Deserted Medieval Villages known in 1968.

References:
[1] Rahtz, P.A. 1959. ‘Holworth, Medieval Village Excavation 1958’, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society 81: 127-147.
[2] RCHME 1970. An Inventory of Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume Two: South-East Dorset. Part 1. London: RCHME: 35-37.
[3] Meekings, C.A.F. 1951. Dorset Hearth Tax Assessments 1662-1664. Dorchester: Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society: 80.
Pre-1974 county:
Dorset
Historic parish:
Chaldon Herring
Present county or unitary area:
Dorset
Modern parish:
Chaldon Herring
Grid reference:
SY 770833
Latitude:
50.64891425
Longitude:
-2.32667782

Documentary resources
Domesday reference:
DORT 12,12
Domesday minimum number of individuals:
13
Taxation 1291 (main):
0
Taxation 1291 (portions):
180 (Milton Abbey)
Lay subsidy 1334 total paid:
225
Poll Tax 1377 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1377 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1379 total paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 number who paid:
No surviving record
Poll Tax 1381 total paid:
No surviving record
Lay subsidy 1524 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1524 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 number who paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1525 total paid:
Not recorded
Lay Subsidy 1543/4 number who paid:
Not recorded
Diocesan returns 1563:
No surviving record
Census 1801 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 total population:
Not recorded
Census 1841 inhabited houses:
Not recorded
E179 date and type last doc:
1677 April 16 act to raise £584,978 2s 2½d to build 30 ships
Additional information
Alternative names:
Presumed date of depopulation:
1400-1500
NMR number:
454272
HER number:
DORT 7230
Investigation history:
1936 Excavation.
1958 Excavation.
1980 Field Visit.
Cartographic or photographic records:
RAF CPE/UK/1821 4439-40 Taken 4 November 1946.
CUCAP TC31-32 Taken 12 June 1956.
CUCAP UM6-11 Taken 14 April 1957.
CUCAP AMN92-94 Taken 1 December 1965.
RCHME 1970. An Inventory of Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume Two: South-East Dorset. Part 1. London: RCHME. Plan p. 36.
Rahtz, P.A. 1959. ‘Holworth, Medieval Village Excavation 1958’, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society 81: 127-147. Plans pp. 129, 130.
Survey Plan Medieval Village Research Group Archive: measured drawings. Historic England Archive 620494.
Site status:
Scheduled 1016727
x coordinate:
377000
y coordinate:
83300
Bibliography:
Beresford, M.W. and J.G. Hurst (eds) 1971. Deserted Medieval Villages. London: Lutterworth.

Good, R. 1987. The Lost Villages of Dorset. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press.
See also:
NMR Pastscape
www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=454272
Open Domesday
www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/SY7683/holworth/
CUCAP Aerial Photographs
www.cambridgeairphotos.com/location/um7/